Text Box: Environment & We 
An International Journal of Science & Technology
 ISSN: 0975-7112 (Print) 				ISSN: 0975-7120 (Online)
Text Box: Sustainable Approach Towards use of Medicinal Plants: A case study from Niti Valley, Uttarakhand, India

L.S. Kandari1*, K.S. Rao2, Kusum Payal2, R.K. Makhuri3 and Tripti Negi4
1School of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences,  Haramaya University,P.Box # 138, Dire-Dawa, Ethiopia
2Department of Botany, University of Delhi, North Campus, New Delhi-110 007, India
3G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Garhwal Unit, 
Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand, 246 174, India
4Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, 248 001, India
*Email: luxkandari@gmail.com
Abstract

In order to promote the sustainable use of medicinal plants, it is essential to disseminate the knowledge amongst the grassroot practitioners. This can be done by formulating suitable policies that could consider regulatory impact analysis and assessment along with the information sharing and engagement of marginalized people. The present research is focused on socioeconomic aspects, ethnobotanical use and  agrotechnological approach for conservation strategies of selected high value Medicinal and Aromatic plants  (MAPs) i.e., Angelica glauca, Arnebia benthamii, Rheum emodi, Pleurospermum angelicoides, Allium stracheyi, Saussurea costus and Carum carvi are from Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (NDBR) in Central Himalayas. These medicinal plant species are vulnerable and endemic category in the Himalayan region, and have huge dietetic, medicinal and culinary uses particularly in tribal milieu. The key objective of the study is to assess every influential aspect with scientific inputs to strengthen herbal market and document lesser-known dietetic value of these wild plants. Due to high market demand and having high medicinal and aromatic values, cultivation of these species also vary from each other. Out of total 19 villages in the study area, A. stracheyi were cultivated in 16 villages followed by C. carvi and S. costus (7) P. angelicoides, A. glauca (5) and A. benthamii were cultivated only in 4 villages. Majority of the families also cultivate A. stracheyi (60%) followed by A. benthamii (25%). However, all family consumes A. stracheyi followed by P. angelicoides (97%) as species in their food. Almost maximum people use A. stracheyi in their daily life in different forms, followed by A. glauca and C. carvi. Collections from wild also depend on the uses and availability of these species in their surrounding areas. S. costus is collected 1.9/kg/family/year followed by A. stracheyi (1.5/kg/family/year) in the study villages. The inhabitants find difficulties in the cultivation and domestication of plant species other than the above-mentioned MAPs and collected from wild when required.
Keywords:  Ethnobotany, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Conservation, Traditional Healthcare System; NDBR.

Environ. We Int. J. Sci. Tech. 6 (2011) 135-144                Full Paper

Volume 6, Number 3

July-September 2011